The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde Essay

The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde is the story which reflects many ideas and themes which are interesting and actual for people in the modern world. Answering the question why Dorian Gray was motivated to adopt his life philosophy and to lead a double life it is possible to look at the facts.


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Many people in the society have to lead double lives in many reasons. Sometimes these reasons are rather obvious, people want to hide their private life from public, that is why they are looking for the means to do it. However, there are situations when leading of the double life is presupposed by the desire to hide something that is illegal.

The situation with Dorian Gray and his mystic double life is exactly the case. Having killed Basil Hallward, Dorian Gray has nothing to do but to hide his real appearance and lead a double life. However, there are also a lot of other hidden reasons for dualism in personal expression.

Looking at the history of the novel creation and checking the situation which was in the society, it is possible to predict that sexual orientation of Dorian Gray was one of the reasons for his dual life.

However, this reason is not discussed and considered in the novel, even though it is possible to find the lines which prove this point of view, “Dorian is my dearest friend … he has quite a simple and beautiful nature” and “all the candour of youth was there as well as all youth’s passionate purity … no wonder Basil worshipped him” (Wilde 33).

However, the most important reason for leading such a double life was the murder. Having killed a person, Dorian Gray has to decide for himself whether he has to go to police or to make sure that no one gets to know what he has done. The desire to continue the life he has led before makes Dorian Gray change his vision of the surrounding world.

Considering the novel, it is possible to see the whole society in one personality. All people live in this world and they have to hide something. This is the main idea why people wear masks.


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It is impossible to see one person who is trying to live without a mask. Of course, not all people in the society have committed the murders, but all people have the sins they are to hide.

These sins may be considered as simple actions by some people and the cruel and unforgivable ones by others. Therefore, to make sure that no one is going to reproach people in their actions, they prefer to hide them and lead a double life.

In conclusion, it should be is essay typer reliable mentioned that those people who wear masks, whose hidden actions are too serious and they are unable to carry them are going to end in the way Dorian Gray did It is impossible to lead a double life without constant pricks of conscience.

If the reasons people lead a double life are too serious, it is obvious that people will always wait for those who have seen them committing those actions. It is difficult to live under that pressure. The same has happened to Dorian Gray.

Even though the novel contains a number of different themes and the double life was not the main reason for Gray’s actions. Therefore, the new philosophy he pursued, the desire to remain unknown in the world he lived in and the same person for him led to the tragic consequences.

Works Cited

Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray . Plain Label Books, 2004. Print.

The Concept of Egoism Essay (Critical Writing)

The argument of what constitutes as egoism is based on the principle that inevitably all human actions come from feelings that the person selfishly chooses. One perspective considers all activity that an individual carries out as being self pleasing. Even if someone wants to help another person, they are acting upon own thinking and want to please themselves by doing a good deed.


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A possibility explanation is that an individual can simply get used to being a good person and does not think about immediate effect of self-worth while performing some beneficial action. In reality, either way egoism is a negative quality that has minimal benefit. It seems that people who acquire products of luxury will be benefiting from the material possessions but the greater pleasure is in helping others.

Physical objects can bring joy in and of themselves but once a person gets used to them, they stop bringing pleasure and the person is forced to get new things. In the end, the amount of goods and services that a person could get is limited. Comparing to the act of helping others physical objects will lose appeal, whereas there are many people and it would be impossible to help everyone in one lifetime.

Also, humans are social beings and are born to live in communities and societies, so in uniting for the common cause each individual is involuntarily investing in the greater good. The more people cooperate and work together, more things can be accomplished and prosperity of the nation will equal to success of a single individual. In any case, egoism will only please temporarily while helping others will benefit all.

It is hard to estimate if the majority of people are egoists or not but an assumption can be made that most individuals are not selfish. The conditions of life are such that sometimes people are forced to be selfish through circumstances. The temptation to gain personal wealth and other resources is a test that not many are able to pass.

But the fact that there are charities and volunteers proves that the world has more people who are focused on positive actions. The laws and mutual help that exist in a civilized society show that people respect and value equality and order, which leads to fairness and justice. There is a direct link to civil disobedience stemming from the fact that people will oppose anything unjust.

Sometimes, the laws and policies become outdated or start out as unfair and so, people feel the need to rebel against such laws. If a rule is immoral or discriminatory, people have all justifications to rebel and change any unfairness. Some examples or this are peaceful protests by women and racial minorities demanding an equal treatment in the society. Predispositions that existed in every nation were changed by people being disobedient and refusing to conform to the status quo.


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Especially when there are large quantities of people or whole groups that get oppressed, the only reasonable response is to be civilly disobedient, as only through demonstrations the governments and other people will realize that there is a problem and something must be done to change the state of affairs. People have innate need for moral correctness and ethics, so the only way to make society better is by changing and updating current laws.

The Objectives of Mobile Forensics Essay


The main objective of mobile forensics is to obtain information from mobile devices with the intention of coming up with strategies for enhancing them. Although they can simplify daily lives of many through facilitating communication and entertainment, these devices can also incorporate the highest level of security risks to both individuals and organizations in the way they are used.


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Consequently, they are also considered to be important tools when tracking crimes and criminals. This research is being conducted with the aim of determining the validity of the stated tools on blackberry forensics. As the revolution in the technological world continues to shape the modern world, more refinements to enhance the user’s interests and tastes have come in handy.

Thus, mobile telephony devices have been not left behind. They are being developed each day with enhanced features such as camera, personal digital assistance and the global positioning systems. Although these features have been tailored to meet user’s needs, they have simplified criminals activities of committing crimes without being physically being available at the crime scene.

Moreover, it has challenged the abilities of law enforcers to track down them as they can predict the movements of the police using modified technologies. The null hypothesis in this case therefore, states that the tools used in mobile forensics are not effective as the authorities have not yet managed to combat these crimes. The alternative hypothesis, on the other hand, indicates that these tools are effective and only need to be updated with the changing technology.

Expected Results

In this research, it is not possible to come up with an ultimate and unequivocal conclusion. This owe to the fact that the tools used in mobile devices tracking are evolving on a daily basis, with the changing technology. This is why the challenge of security is on the rise even as new methods of curbing this challenge are being developed.

The mobile device developers create new ideas daily for the purposes of improving communication, while criminals, on the other hand, are using these devices to improve on their crime rates. Besides, each group employs creativity, in ensuing that the technology invented advances its interests

In conclusion to this research, it would be appropriate to consider the null hypothesis since most of the proofs obtained indicate that the crime resulting from using mobile devices is outdoing the intended application.


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This explains why forensic personnel need to go back to the drawing table and come up with new methods of curbing mobile crimes besides the use of the mobile devices. Alternatively, these experts have the option of studying the operations of the criminals keenly and come up with measures to counter these operations. This means that they should develop different strategies for dealing with crimes such that if one strategy fails a backup strategy is recalled.

The “Pay It Forwards” film report Essay (Critical Writing)

Pay It Forwards is the film made in 2000 which can be regarded as a curious illustration of the Oedipus Conflict. Apparently, it is often difficult to define roles in real life settings. Likewise, the film reveals complex relationships between people.


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Trevor, a boy of eleven, is obviously a conventional child figure as he is a kid. He is brought up by his mother as she left Trevor’s father who had an alcohol abuse history. Trevor is attached to his mother a lot. Arlene, Trevor’s mother, is the main mother figure in the film. However, being a single parent she sometimes takes a role of a father figure. She tries to set some rules and keep her child away from danger.

However, she is still a conventional mother figure as she tends to comfort Trevor and support him rather than punish him. Ricky, Trevor’s biological father, can hardly edubirdie legit be called the father figure as he does not take part in Trevor’s upbringing. Trevor does not see him as an authority. Eugene, Trevor’s teacher, can be regarded as the main father figure in the film. He guides Trevor and sets some rules. He says what is right and wrong.

As for the Oedipus Conflict, it is really specific. The child figure seeks for eros concepts. He desires to obtain independence. The project he starts is the way to show he is independent and he is grown up. He tries to help his mother develop proper relationships with her own mother and with the worthy man, Eugene. He makes decision for grown-ups and this makes him feel a grown-up, i.e. free and independent.

The conflict ends up in a success and a failure, at the same time. On one hand, Trevor’s project has positive results as the chain does work and people help each other. On the other hand, Trevor is killed by a kid when he tries to help a smaller child in a fight. Trevor’s death proves he was not prepared to become independent. Thus, even though the child figure does make the world better, the Oedipus Conflict ends in an unhealthy manner as the kid is killed.

A Brief History of the Conflict between India and Pakistan Essay- by EduBirdie

India and Pakistan are listed among countries that have had complicated relationships for a very long time in history. The two countries gained their sovereignty from Britain simultaneously in 1947. This independence marked a separation of the former British India into two major countries, India and Pakistan.

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According to the separation agreement, Pakistan was to cover an area occupied by approximately 75% of Muslims while the rest of the population was to occupy the remaining area, currently known as India (Indurthy 2). Nevertheless, the separation was not to be a source of peace as the two countries fought over Kashmir, with history recording three major battles in 1947, 1965 and 1999.

Despite numerous efforts that have been engaged to settle the matter, tension has remained high between the two countries. This fight for territorial occupation can be compared to that between Israel and Palestine, which have continuously fought over Gaza. essay company

This essay gives a brief history of the conflict between India and Pakistan, with special coverage on the genesis of the conflict, historical wars and efforts, which have been witnessed in finding a lasting solution in the region.

The genesis of the India-Pakistan conflict dates back in 1947 when Hari Singh, resisted the decision to have Kashmir join either India or Pakistan with the hope of gaining state independence or recognition from the two nations. In his attempts to waste time, Singh signed two standstill agreements with both sides although they never materialized (Indurthy 2).

There was violence that erupted after India and Pakistan declared their independence. This violence involved Muslims, Sikhs and the Hindus and in September the same year, riots extended to Kashmir as the war was considered to be a resistance against Muslims. As a result, West Kashmir Muslims fell out with Maharaja and formed an independent government of Kashmir.

On October 22, 1979, Kashmir was invaded by Pathan-armed tribes who were mainly from the Northwest Frontier Province, extending beyond fifteen kilometers from the country’s headquarters (Malik et al. 28).

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Politics & Government ?

Sigh sought the intervention of India, which refused until Maharaja ratified the instrument of occasion which had been signed by other princely states reviews. After a deal was reached, Indian troops responded in Kashmir on 27 th October to repel the intruders (Indurthy 3).

The Indian intervention angered General Mohammed Ali Jinnah, who ordered Pakistani regular troops to be dispatched in Kashmir, a command that was resisted by Field Marshall Auchinleck, who persuaded the governor to withdraw the decree (Malik et al. 28).

However, in November, Jinnah agreed to supply the invaders with military equipment before sending ‘volunteer’ troops to Kashmir in 1948. Despite Pakistan’s involvement, Jinnah denied his country’s direct participation in the conflict in Kashmir until mid 1948 (Indurthy 3). Due to this involvement, India considered lodging a complaint with the UN Security Council. essay company

The aim of this complaint was to invoke articles 34 and 35 of the charter which recommended peaceful settlement of the conflict between India and Pakistan.

The UN Security Council responded on January 20, 1948 by establishing a commission that was mandated to investigate the events and situation in Kashmir. This commission was later expanded to have five members in April that year and was given the responsibility of organizing for a plebiscite after the departure of all the tribal troops in the region.

A ceasefire was later agreed upon in July 1948 after which tribal troops left Kashmir. This agreement was effected early January 1949, a time when one-third of the state was still under the control of Pakistan. The Line of Ceasefire was monitored by both India and Pakistan under UN directives.

After the appointment of Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz to act as the administrator of the plebiscite, the two sides objected the implementation of the Karachi agreement, based on their different interpretations of the UNCIP on demilitarization. General A. G. L. McNaughton led the demilitarization agreement starting December 1949 even though India objected it after citing legal and moral concerns (Indurthy 4).

Between 1951 and 1953, efforts to have the two countries reduce their military presence in Kashmir fell on deaf ears. The two countries withdrew the conflict from UN’s hands and decided to handle it following a meeting between Nehru and Ali Bogra during a Commonwealth conference in June 1953. Nehru’s efforts to conduct plebiscites in Kashmir were thwarted by political interests of General Ayub Khan, who wanted to oust him.

The U.S.-led Baghdad Pact of April 1954 and the SEATO of September 1956 forced Nehru to change his mind arguing that Pakistan’s alliance with the U.S. had nullified the plebiscite agreement (Indurthy 6).

The 1954 States Constituent Assembly’s resolution to recognize the accession of Kashmir to India was final, a stance that was rejected by Pakistan and the UN Security Council, reaffirming its position on a plebiscite in 1957. When a proposal to refer the issue to arbitration was put forward in April 1957, only Pakistan accepted. support

After mediation and arbitration efforts by the United Nations had failed, the two countries fought over Kashmir in 1965. It is believed that the war begun after Pakistan became frustrated following continuous integration of Kashmir by India. Having had victory over India before, it planned to launch “Operation Gibraltar”, whose aim was to repossess Kashmir.

The war ended after the intervention of the United Nations, which pushed for peaceful negotiations and ceasefire. The two sides further fought in 1971, an encounter whose main outcome was the birth of Bangladesh, a region that was located to the East of Pakistan (Indurthy 6).

In 1974, India ignited its nuclear device in preparation for fierce protection of its territory. With tension still high in the two regions, separatists begun in Indian Kashmir with Pakistan carrying the blame of providing arms to Islamist militants (Haider 1).

The two countries engaged in a brief battle in 1999 at the Line of Control, before a summit that brought together Vajpayee of India and General Pervez Musharraf in July 2001 failed. In December 2001, Indian parliament was attacked by militants resulting into a harsh blame by India on Pakistan.

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Moreover, the two sides started mobilizing more than a million troops, a plan that was drooped in 2002. In an attempt to find a solution to their conflict, India and Pakistan agreed to end fighting on the Line of Control in 2003 before establishing a formal peace finding process in 2004 (Haider 1).

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After an attack by Pakistan’s militants on Mumbai in November 2008 that killed 166 people, India resolved to break the peace talks. Pakistan admitted its involvement in 2009 after an investigation had been carried out (Haider 1).

Consequently, India insisted on removal of militant groups in Pakistan before resuming peace talks. After talks and consultations, Prime Minister Sigh considered the resumption of the “composite dialogue” that had been pushed for by Islamabad.

In January 2010, there were series of fire exchange on the border, raising tension and alarm before India invited Pakistan for fresh peace talks in February, as the duo agreed to conduct them at the high diplomatic level (Haider 1). reliable

From the above summary of historic events between India and Pakistan, clearly the possibility of finding a lifetime solution lies squarely in the hands of Indian and Pakistani leaders. However, the international community through the UN Security Council has a role to play in promoting peace efforts. Nevertheless, nuclear war between the two states cannot be ignored as both sides have tested their devices before.

Works Cited

Haider, Zeeshan. “ Timeline-Flashpoints and flare-ups in India-Pakistan ties .” Nuclear Age Peace Foundation , 2010. Web.

Indurthy, Rathnam. “Kashmir between India and Pakistan: An Intractable Conflict, 1947 to Present.” Appalachian State University , 2011. Web.

Malik et al. Government and politics in South Asia . Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 2008. Print.

“US Slaps Sanctions on Caucasus Emirates as Violence Continues in North Caucasus” Article Critical Essay- by EduBirdie

In their book titled Global Terrorism , Lutz & Lutz (2004) note that critics of the U.S. policies on global terrorism often questions the capacity of the policies to meet international threshold and the will of America to involve other traditionally non-aligned state actors in the fight on global terrorism.

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However, the article by The Jamestown Foundation demonstrates the U.S. willingness and commitment to cooperate with yelp all countries in the fight against global terrorism, thus rendering tenable the view that the U.S. is interested in developing frameworks that will ensure inclusivity in the war on global terrorism. The article by The Jamestown Foundation is a chronology of terrorist attacks believed to have been carried out by the Caucasus Emirate insurgent group under the leadership of Doku Umarov against Russian targets.

The Caucasus Emirate has been previously accused of providing material and financial support to terrorist, terrorist networks or acts of terrorism, and the number and frequency of terrorist attacks perpetrated using improvised devices (IEDs), vehicle-born IEDs and suicide bombers seems to render credibility to assertions made by a number of countries, including Russia, that the Caucasus Emirate is responsible in providing support to the insurgent group.

The latest of the series of attacks targeted two Moscow subway stations, where 40 people lost their lives (The Jamestown Foundation, 2011). An internet search on the Caucasus Emirate insurgent network demonstrates evidence that this group has indeed claimed responsibility in a number of terrorist attacks highlighted by The Jamestown Foundation, and Umarov, the group’s leader, has been on record for encouraging his followers to undertake aggressive attacks against the Caucasus Emirate’s perceived enemies, which include the U.S., Israel, Russia, and the UK.

Evidence demonstrated by The Jamestown Foundation about the activities of the terror group provides enough grounds for the U.S. to use Presidential Executive Order 13224 against the Caucasus Emirate with the view to disrupt Umarov’s financial support network and degrade the group’s capacity to mount terrorist attacks on Russian interests.

Although Executive Order 13224 has received its fair share of criticisms, mainly for its over-inclusive language and over-broad implementation strategies (Ferrer, 2009), it has been effective in dismantling and neutralizing terrorist networks mainly by curtailing the terrorists financial sources. The article by The Jamestown Foundation, more than anything else, demonstrates the U.S. commitment to the war on global terrorism.

Additionally, the article demonstrates America’s readiness to cooperate with all countries in the fight against global terrorism despite their political orientation, structural frameworks, or ideological predisposition. This is exactly what is needed to ensure the peace and stability of the whole world.

Warfare ?

Lutz & Lutz (2004) reveal that Russia has on numerous times developed cold feet in joining the reviews U.S. attempts to fight terrorism, but Washington continues to emphasize the concepts of inclusivity and information sharing among nations if the war on global terrorism is to be won. By imposing sanctions against a terrorist network that is traditionally known to target Russian interests, the U.S. is demonstrating a very valid point – that terrorism has no borders.

It is therefore imperative for Russia to reciprocate and show active responses aimed at disrupting terrorism operatives from undertaking terrorist attacks or from finding a safe haven in Russia.

As observed by Daniel Benjamin, the State Department’s counterterrorism chief, the terrorist problem facing countries today has already assumed a global nature (The Jamestown Foundation, 2011). To achieve positive outcomes, countries need to cooperate and stand in solidarity with each other.

The executive Order 13224 will surely curtail the Umarov’s financial might to undertake further terrorist activities against Russia or any other country, but more needs to be done to ensure that Umarov and other terror operatives are apprehended to face the law, or are wiped out to curtail further loss of life through terrorist attacks.

Reference List

Ferrer, M. (2009). Prosecuting extortion victims: How counter-terrorist finance measure Executive Order 13224 is going too far. Journal of Financial Crime, 16 (3), 262-288.

Lutz, B., & Lutz, J.M. (2004). Global terrorism. London: Routledge.

The Jamestown Foundation. (2011, May 27). US slaps sanctions on Caucasus Emirates as violence continues in north Caucasus . Eurasia Daily Monitor, 8 (103). Web.

“We still have not cut off the head of the king” a phrase by Michael Foucault Essay- by EduBirdie

We still have not cut off the head of the king (Antony, 1999, 23); this is a common phrase used in political analysis. It was original brought up by Michael Foucault, a French philosopher. The statement refers to conception of political power among members of the society.

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In most cases people develop an assumption review that political power lies on the head of state and flows down to other structures of government. In other words people have conceived power in a top down manner (Atkinson, 1976, 22). Therefore when it comes to political power and politics, there is a need to cut off the head of the king.

The understanding of this statement by Foucault can provide insights into how the modern law operates (Atkinson, 1976, 12). In the modern law, the structure of the system is arranged in a manner that involves representation of power. This means that the law is controlled by specific institutions such as executive bodies.

These institutions have an influence in the way the law operates and at the same time they are in full control of other institutions. The law according to Foucault operates in a manner that only prevents people from performing certain actions (Atkinson, 1976, 34). This is where executive bodies that control the law also control such small institutions such as families and individuals (Reza and Max, 2000, 56).

The law is supposed to create a balance in all the powers of the society including: political, social, military, legal, economic and cultural. The law is also supposed to bring freedom to members of the society and cause them to enjoy their freedom by being secured (Reza and Max, 2000, 67).

Besides these roles, law in the modern society is structured in way that the regulators of the law or the institutions controlling the law cannot be controlled or regulated by the law. This is why Foucault makes the statement that we still have not cut of the head of the king.

The society focuses their thoughts on the law rather than legality, the state rather than sovereignty, and freedom rather than will. Power according to Foucault, is established by technique and not by right, by normalization and not by the law, and by control and not through punishment.

Philosophy ?

All of these methods of establishing power do not necessarily have to be employed at the top most level of the state but can also be employed in the diffused levels of the society (Roger, 1995).The point is that power must have a conception in the minds of the people that do not focus on the king.

Therefore there is a need to see power in the different aspect of the society. By putting all focus of power on the top most office, makes the society fail to realize a lot of reality that surrounds it (Reza and Max, 2000).

In conclusion, the phrase by philosopher Michael Foucault implies a thought or a conception in the minds of people in the society towards political power. The phrase can easily be edubirdie legit understood through the understanding of the modern law. The structuring of the legal system is such that the law only prevents people from doing certain things. However it cannot regulate the executive bodies that control the law.

The phrase proposes that there is need to kill the head of the king. When this is done, the law will be perceived from individual point of view rather than regulating specific institutions in the society. This also implies assuming political responsibility in all the daily realities that surrounds each member of the society.


Anthony E. ed., 1999. The Blackwell Reader in Contemporary Social Theory.

Atkinson J.M. and Drew P., 1976. Order in Court: The Organization of Verbal Interaction in Judicial Settings.

Reza B. and Max T., eds., 2002. An Introduction to Law and Social Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Roger C., 1995. Law’s Community: Legal Theory in Sociological Perspective. New Havens: Yale University Press.